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Public policies to support agroecology in Latin America and the Caribbean


Agroecology in Latin America emerged in response to the social, economic, environmental and climate crises observed in conventional agriculture. It is driven by social movements and is gradually being taken into account in public policies. These policies involve a range of instruments that are often embedded in programmes that also support organic agriculture and sustainable agriculture, types that unlike agroecology do not question the basis of the conventional agri-food system. This issue of Perspective analyses these policies and their influence on the development of agroecology in eight countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Mexico, and Nicaragua. These policies remain fragile, while support for large-scale conventional agriculture is still predominant, and implementing instruments in favour of agroecology thus depends on the power relations in each country. The challenge is therefore to convince more broadly farmers, consumers and policymakers about the importance of issues such as public health and food security.

Document author: Sabourin E., Le Coq J.-F., Fréguin-Gresh S., Marzin J., Bonin M., Patrouilleau M. M., Vázquez L., Niederle P.
Institution: CIRAD
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