EAT-Lancet Commission Summary Report: Food, Planet, Health - Healthy Diets From Sustainable Food Systems
Today, global food production is the single largest driver of environmental degradation, climate instability and the transgression of planetary boundaries. At the same time, global population health is increasingly pressured by several forms of malnutrition. Unhealthy diets are now the leading risk factor for global burdens of disease with growing rates of noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancers. Vast global undernutrition is adding mounting pressure to these challenges. Effectively, how we grow, process, transport, consume and waste food is hurting both people and the planet. If we want to live in a future where people’s health and the environment are not irreversibly damaged, the world needs to start living within scientific boundaries for health and the environment. Meeting the targets of the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement requires an urgent and fundamental shift in the ways that we produce and consume food. While there is substantial scientific evidence that links diets with human health and environmental sustainability, the absence of globally agreed scientific targets for healthy diets and sustainable food production has hindered large-scale and coordinated efforts to transform the global food system thus far. It was this gap that the EAT-LancetCommission sought to address.