Mixed plantations: effects on growth and impact on crop efficiency
Agriculture is characterized by always looking for new methods, varieties or technologies that allow it to progress and remain at the forefront in crop production. Along these lines, studies that analyze the impact of plantation behavior depending on how it was designed, established and managed, are of great interest to the sector. Verónica Loewe Muñoz published in August a study she conducted on mixed and pure common walnut plantations (Juglans regia L.) for the production of high quality wood in Chile, used mainly to make decorative veneers. Although the analysis was carried out on a different sector, the applications and results can be replicated or used as a source of inspiration in the fruit industry.
"The innovation of this study was to analyze the impact of mixed plantations according to the management intensity," she told PortalFrutícola.com. Mixed plantations imply a greater diversity of species in one place (at least two); and especially for those managed with low intensity, they help to obtain better results with a more extensive crop management, without losing quality. “A design is made considering the structure of the roots, of the treetops; and when that is done well, it helps to diversify production. In addition, it increases the production quantity and the quality of the wood, decreases the phytosanitary risks and facilitates the handling ”, among other benefits, she explained. "It helps to better face climate change since mixed plantations are more stable and improve the quality of wood," she said.